Robbery Meaning and Legal Definition

Robbery Definition in Criminal law

Crime of Robbery in widespread term is an act of depriving somebody from their personal property or asset while in their presence by way of forcing or fear. Personal asset or property can either be taken from that person or from their nearby surroundings.
Robbery, Meaning,Legal, Definition,criminal, crime, law, lawyer

Crime of theft is taking something that doesn’t belong to you, but a robbery is taking something from a person and using force, or the threat of force, to do it. Robbery, like theft, involves taking someone’s property without the owner’s consent, but it has some elements that theft doesn’t require.

Elements of a Robbery

Each country or state has different penal codes in defining the elements of a robbery charge, but the general elements of robbery consists of:

  • The taking and carrying away.
  • Personal property of another.
  • From his or her possession or in their presence.
  • Against his or her will.
  • By force, fear, violence, intimidation or threat of force

Different Kinds of Robbery

There are several types of robbery that one can commit. Depending on what type of act has been performed, the felony classification, and therefore the penalty, varies.

  • Simple Robbery: Robbery without the accompanying use of a weapon
  • Armed Robbery: Robbery with the use of some kind of weapon
  • Aggravated Robbery: Robbery with the use of a deadly weapon, such as a gun
  • Highway Robbery or "mugging" takes place outside or in a public place such as a sidewalk, street, or parking lot.
  • Carjacking is the act of stealing a car from a victim by force
  • Extortion is the threat to do something illegal, or the offer to not do something illegal, in the event that goods are not given, primarily using words instead of actions.

Robberies have been depicted, sometimes graphically, in various forms of media, and several robbers have become pop icons, such as Bonnie and Clyde and John Dillinger. 
Robberies may be fun for media but penalties are very serious, sentence can range from 10 years to life imprisonment.

Hatton Garden Burglary Trial - Trial For Largest Burglary In English Legal History

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