Lawyer Biography: Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin Biography

Vladimir Putin Short Biography

Vladimir  Putin (born 7 October 1952), current President of Russia is a Russian politician who served as Russian President from 2000 to 2008, and from 2012. Between 2008-2012, he served as Russian prime Minister making him the most powerful and de facto leader in Russia during this time in office.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, President, Biography, Facts, Quotes

Putin was born on 7 October 1952, in Leningrad, Soviet Union (modern day Saint Petersburg, Russia), to parents Vladimir Spiridonovich Putin (1911–1999) and Maria Ivanovna Putina (née Shelomova; 1911–1998). His mother was a factory worker, and his father was a conscript in the Soviet Navy, where he served in the submarine fleet in the early 1930s, and later served in the NKVD (law enforcement agency of the Soviet Union) during World War II. Two elder brothers were born in the mid-1930s; one died within a few months of birth, while the second succumbed to diphtheria during the siege of Leningrad in World War II.

From a young age, Putin was keen on sports, especially martial arts, such as Judo. He has maintained an interest in sports during his time as a politician.

Putin studied Law at Leningrad State university, writing a PhD thesis  on the importance of energy policy for future Russian economic success. After graduating in 1975, he joined the KGB. He was involved in monitoring foreigners and consular officials in Leningrad. From 1985 to 1990 he was posted to Dresden, East Germany. On the collapse of the East German government, he returned to Leningrad where he was involved in surveillance of the student body.

In August 1981, there was an attempted coup by Communist hardlines with links to military and KGB against Mikhail Gorbachev. On the second day of the putsch, Putin resigned from the KGB and sought to pursue a political career. Putin said the decision to resign from the KGB was hard, but he didn’t support the direction of the coup and the hardliners.

In 1997, Boris Yeltsin appointed him to the position of deputy chief of the Presidential staff. In 1999, with the backing of Yeltsin, he was voted as Prime Minister of Russia. When Yeltsin, unexpectedly resigned a few months later, Putin became the default President of Russia.

During the early years of his Presidency, Putin gained substantial popular backing because of his hardline on military issues (such as war in Chechyna) and overseeing a return to economic stability. He cultivated a macho ‘action man’ image of fearless leader and sportsman, helped by his sporting and KGB past. This image was attractive to voters. Importantly, after a decade of inflation and falling living standards, during the 2000s, Russia embarked on a sustained period of economic growth, falling unemployment and rising living standards. The strong performance of the economy was attributable to the rising price of oil and gas (increasing value of Russia’s exports) and strong macro-economic management.

Early in his leadership, he came to an arrangement with the new Russian ‘oligarchs’ powerful businessmen who had gained control of former state owned industries. Putin made a deal where they agreed to start paying tax and avoiding politics, in return for leaving them free to pursue their business interests. This helped raise revenue for the government and reduced the political influence of the Oligarchs.

In 2008, unable to run for a third term as President, he ran for Prime minister, with his dual political aid Medvedev becoming President. However, it was Putin who remained the most powerful figure.
In 2012, Putin was re-elected for a third term as President, however, for the first time this led to widespread protests at the lack of democracy in Russia. Increasingly, Putin’s regime has been criticised for being dictatorial and avoiding a true democracy.

On July 28, 1983 Putin married Lyudmila Shkrebneva.They have two daughters, Maria Putina (born 1985) and Yekaterina (Katya) Putina (born 1986 in Dresden).
On 6 June 2013, Putina and her husband publicly announced termination of their marriage based on a mutual decision. The divorce announcement was made on camera for Russian news media at the Kremlin Palace, ending years of speculation about their relationship.

Putin himself is a practicing member of the Russian Orthodox Church. His religious awakening followed the serious car crash of his wife in 1993, and was deepened by a life-threatening fire that burned down their dacha in August 1996. Right before an official visit to Israel his mother gave him his baptismal cross telling him to get it blessed “I did as she said and then put the cross around my neck. I have never taken it off since.”

Vladimir Putin Interesting Facts

He grew up in a shared apartment in Leningrad, now St Petersburg, the Russian city ravaged by World War Two.

As a child, Putin was reportedly a thug. Putin likes to say he was a "bully, not a pioneer".
He excelled at martial arts and was said to have a quick temper.

East German intelligence described him as a 'philanderer and a wife-beater' during his time.
The report, released last year, makes sense in line with Putin's own admissions that his relationship with women is a little odd.

In the west, much of Putin's reputation is built upon his frequent publicity stunts, apparently designed to show off his masculine strength. He's been photographed topless multiple times, discovered Greek urns while scuba diving, and even sang jazz standards with Goldie Hawn and Kevin Costner.

GDP per capita in Russia has grown from $2,400 in 2000. to $12,000 in 2011.

Vladimir Putin Quotes

"We don't need a weakened government but a strong government that would take responsibility for the rights of the individual and care for the society as a whole."

"You must obey the law, always, not only when they grab you by your special place."

"The path towards a free society has not been simple. There are tragic and glorious pages in our history."

"Our aims are absolutely clear: They are a high living standard in the country and a secure, free and comfortable life."

"Russia will not soon become, if it ever becomes, a second copy of the United States or England - where liberal value have deep historic roots."

"Russia needs a strong state power and must have it. But I am not calling for totalitarianism."

"Whoever does not miss the Soviet Union has no heart. Whoever wants it back has no brain."

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