5 Famous US Court Cases Of 2013.

5 Popular And Media Exposed US Court Cases Of 2013.

Here is a look back at some famous and media exposed criminal law cases in the United States for the past year. This court trials received widespread media attention and sparked numerous polemics. Read below the list of 5 famous court trials in US for 2013.
American,Criminal, Law, Famous,popular,top,media, Court, Cases,trials,2013

What Does Negligence Mean In Law

Negligence Legal Definition

Term negligence means carelessness or a breach of an obligation. Negligence is used in general language to mean someone was unreasonably sloppy in fulfilling some obligation. If someone is negligent in the eyes of the law, he could face a civil lawsuit or even criminal charges.
Negligence,accident,definition, meaning,legal, law, cases

Negligence is failure to use reasonable care. The doing of something which a reasonably prudent person would not do, or the failure to do something which a reasonably prudent person would do under like circumstances. A departure from what an ordinary reasonable member of the community would do in the same situation.

Weird Driving Laws From Around The World

10 Strange Driving Laws

For safety of vehicles,goods and passengers it is very important to follow traffic/driving rules and regulations. Laws in various legal systems are written with influence of local culture and traditions so they may seem funny or weird for foreigners. Read below list of some strange and bizarre traffic rules.
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List of 10 Strange Driving Laws:

1. In Denmark the law requires you to do a routine check for sleeping children under your car every single time you want to drive anywhere. If you get caught not doing this, you will be fined.

Administrative Legislation Definition

Definition For Administrative Law

Administrative law is a part of public law and includes the administrative procedures, rules and regulations that government bodies must follow. It also lays down the scope and enforcement powers of government authorities. This law also provides for access to information pertaining to government agencies.
Administrative, law, rules, decisions, government, bodies, agencies

Administrative law contains the legal principles governing the administration and regulation of federal and state government agencies.  It is considered a branch of public law and commonly called regulatory law.  Decision making in the daily activities of various federal and state agencies is governed by administrative law.

I Am Being Sued What Do I Do?

What To Do If Your Being Sued?

No one likes the idea of being sued. The first thing you should do is take a deep breath and relax. It is not the end of the world. This article will outline some of the basic steps you should take when this occurs.
what to do,if, after,Being Sued

Being in a court of law and going before a judge can be a scary prospect. This is particularly true if you have been named the defendant in the case. Being a defendant is not limited to a criminal case. There are defendants in civil cases as well. Being a defendant simply means that you must respond to a complaint or legal charge against you.

What to do after being sued?  Well, follow these steps to help increase your chances of a favorable judgment.

Lawyer Biography: Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin Biography

Vladimir Putin Short Biography

Vladimir  Putin (born 7 October 1952), current President of Russia is a Russian politician who served as Russian President from 2000 to 2008, and from 2012. Between 2008-2012, he served as Russian prime Minister making him the most powerful and de facto leader in Russia during this time in office.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, President, Biography, Facts, Quotes

Putin was born on 7 October 1952, in Leningrad, Soviet Union (modern day Saint Petersburg, Russia), to parents Vladimir Spiridonovich Putin (1911–1999) and Maria Ivanovna Putina (née Shelomova; 1911–1998). His mother was a factory worker, and his father was a conscript in the Soviet Navy, where he served in the submarine fleet in the early 1930s, and later served in the NKVD (law enforcement agency of the Soviet Union) during World War II. Two elder brothers were born in the mid-1930s; one died within a few months of birth, while the second succumbed to diphtheria during the siege of Leningrad in World War II.

From a young age, Putin was keen on sports, especially martial arts, such as Judo. He has maintained an interest in sports during his time as a politician.

Putin studied Law at Leningrad State university, writing a PhD thesis  on the importance of energy policy for future Russian economic success. After graduating in 1975, he joined the KGB. He was involved in monitoring foreigners and consular officials in Leningrad. From 1985 to 1990 he was posted to Dresden, East Germany. On the collapse of the East German government, he returned to Leningrad where he was involved in surveillance of the student body.

In August 1981, there was an attempted coup by Communist hardlines with links to military and KGB against Mikhail Gorbachev. On the second day of the putsch, Putin resigned from the KGB and sought to pursue a political career. Putin said the decision to resign from the KGB was hard, but he didn’t support the direction of the coup and the hardliners.

In 1997, Boris Yeltsin appointed him to the position of deputy chief of the Presidential staff. In 1999, with the backing of Yeltsin, he was voted as Prime Minister of Russia. When Yeltsin, unexpectedly resigned a few months later, Putin became the default President of Russia.

During the early years of his Presidency, Putin gained substantial popular backing because of his hardline on military issues (such as war in Chechyna) and overseeing a return to economic stability. He cultivated a macho ‘action man’ image of fearless leader and sportsman, helped by his sporting and KGB past. This image was attractive to voters. Importantly, after a decade of inflation and falling living standards, during the 2000s, Russia embarked on a sustained period of economic growth, falling unemployment and rising living standards. The strong performance of the economy was attributable to the rising price of oil and gas (increasing value of Russia’s exports) and strong macro-economic management.

Early in his leadership, he came to an arrangement with the new Russian ‘oligarchs’ powerful businessmen who had gained control of former state owned industries. Putin made a deal where they agreed to start paying tax and avoiding politics, in return for leaving them free to pursue their business interests. This helped raise revenue for the government and reduced the political influence of the Oligarchs.

In 2008, unable to run for a third term as President, he ran for Prime minister, with his dual political aid Medvedev becoming President. However, it was Putin who remained the most powerful figure.
In 2012, Putin was re-elected for a third term as President, however, for the first time this led to widespread protests at the lack of democracy in Russia. Increasingly, Putin’s regime has been criticised for being dictatorial and avoiding a true democracy.

On July 28, 1983 Putin married Lyudmila Shkrebneva.They have two daughters, Maria Putina (born 1985) and Yekaterina (Katya) Putina (born 1986 in Dresden).
On 6 June 2013, Putina and her husband publicly announced termination of their marriage based on a mutual decision. The divorce announcement was made on camera for Russian news media at the Kremlin Palace, ending years of speculation about their relationship.

Putin himself is a practicing member of the Russian Orthodox Church. His religious awakening followed the serious car crash of his wife in 1993, and was deepened by a life-threatening fire that burned down their dacha in August 1996. Right before an official visit to Israel his mother gave him his baptismal cross telling him to get it blessed “I did as she said and then put the cross around my neck. I have never taken it off since.”

Vladimir Putin Interesting Facts

He grew up in a shared apartment in Leningrad, now St Petersburg, the Russian city ravaged by World War Two.

As a child, Putin was reportedly a thug. Putin likes to say he was a "bully, not a pioneer".
He excelled at martial arts and was said to have a quick temper.

East German intelligence described him as a 'philanderer and a wife-beater' during his time.
The report, released last year, makes sense in line with Putin's own admissions that his relationship with women is a little odd.

In the west, much of Putin's reputation is built upon his frequent publicity stunts, apparently designed to show off his masculine strength. He's been photographed topless multiple times, discovered Greek urns while scuba diving, and even sang jazz standards with Goldie Hawn and Kevin Costner.

GDP per capita in Russia has grown from $2,400 in 2000. to $12,000 in 2011.

Vladimir Putin Quotes

"We don't need a weakened government but a strong government that would take responsibility for the rights of the individual and care for the society as a whole."

"You must obey the law, always, not only when they grab you by your special place."

"The path towards a free society has not been simple. There are tragic and glorious pages in our history."

"Our aims are absolutely clear: They are a high living standard in the country and a secure, free and comfortable life."

"Russia will not soon become, if it ever becomes, a second copy of the United States or England - where liberal value have deep historic roots."

"Russia needs a strong state power and must have it. But I am not calling for totalitarianism."

"Whoever does not miss the Soviet Union has no heart. Whoever wants it back has no brain."

After A Car Accident What Do You Do?

List Of 8 Things To Do After Car Accident

No one likes to think about having an accident with their vehicle, but if you drive, you are at risk for ending up in a crash, no matter how minor. Luckily, the majority of car accidents are fairly simple and end up only causing minimal damage to the vehicles, but it's a good idea to know exactly what you should do in the case of a car accident.
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Here is list of 8 things to do after car accident:

1. Stop! If your car or somebody else's car is damaged or passengers are injured you need to stop. Never drive away from the scene of an accident, even a minor one.

2. Check to see if you and all your passengers are okay, and then see if the other driver is okay. If anyone is unconscious, do not attempt to move them, since you won’t know if you are making any injuries worse. If you have to move anyone, make sure to keep their head and neck supported as injuries to the neck area aren’t always immediately noticeable.

3. Protect the scene. You can prevent further accidents by setting up flares, or keeping your flashers on. If it is dark and your lights don't work, you should have a flashlight to keep you safe while you wait in your disabled car or by the side of the road.

4. Call the Police. Even if there are no serious injuries, it is a good idea to call the police. You may need a police report to file a claim with your insurance company, even if it is just to make a claim for damage to your vehicle. The vehicles involved in the accident should remain where they are, unless they interfere with traffic.

5. Don't admit anything. Immediately after an accident, it's a good idea to keep your mouth shut as to who was at fault. It's pretty easy to get angry, particularly if you weren't the one at fault, but that can lead to a much nastier situation. To prevent problems, it`s best to wait until the police arrive. Also, admitting that you were at fault can cause problems down the road, so keep your mouth shut until you can speak with the police or your insurance company.

6. Make an accurate record. When the police arrive, make sure you tell the investigating officer(s) exactly what happened, to the best of your ability. If you do not know certain facts, tell that to the officer. Do not speculate, guess or misstate any of the facts. If you are asked if you are injured and you are not sure, say you are not sure, rather than no. Often, the pain and injuries from motor vehicle accidents become apparent hours after the actual collision. You should also make sure statements made by other persons involved in the accident are accurate as well.

7. Write everything down. It`s a good idea to keep a pad of paper and a couple of pens in your glove box. This way you can write down all pertinent information that could be useful later on. This includes names of all parties involved, addresses, phone numbers and email, as well as the license plate number, car insurance information and vehicle identification number, since these can all be handy later on if the incident goes to court.

8. Take pictures of your car and the accident area. Make sure to note if there are any stop signs, speed limit signs, stoplights, or other traffic guides in the area. Take plenty of pictures of your car, and theirs too! If applicable, take pictures of any skid marks, dented guide rails, paint scrapes on barriers, etc.

Nelson Mandela Freedom Quotes

20 Famous Quotes By Nelson Mandela

To celebrate the life of the former South African president and political activist, here are 20 quotes that embody the advice and observations of a man who has devoted his life to the service of humanity.
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“It always seems impossible until it’s done.”
“After climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb.”
“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”
“I am fundamentally an optimist. Whether that comes from nature or nurture, I cannot say.  Part of being an optimist is keeping one’s head pointed toward the sun, one’s feet moving forward.”
“There were many dark moments when my faith in humanity was sorely tested, but I would not and could not give myself up to despair.  That way lies defeat and death.”
“The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall.”
“I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it.  The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.”
“For to be free is not merely to cast off one’s chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.”
“As I walked out the door toward the gate that would lead to my freedom, I knew if I didn’t leave my bitterness and hatred behind, I’d still be in prison.”
“Honesty, sincerity, simplicity, humility, pure generosity, absence of vanity, readiness to  serve others – qualities which are within easy reach of every soul – are the foundation of one’s spiritual life.”
“There is no passion to be found in playing small – settling for a life that is less than the one you are capable of living.”
“There can be no keener revelation of a society’s soul than the way in which it treats its children.”

“Courageous people do not fear forgiving for the sake of peace.”
“Our human compassion binds us to one another – not in pity or patronizingly, but as human beings who have learnt how to turn our common suffering into hope for the future.”
“No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion.  People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite.”
“A leader. . .is like a shepherd. He stays behind the flock, letting the most nimble go out ahead, whereupon the others follow, not realizing that all along they are being directed from behind.”
“If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner.”
“There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow of death again and again before we reach the mountaintop of our desires.”
"Where globalization means, as it so often does, that the rich and powerful now have new means to further enrich and empower themselves at the cost of the poorer and weaker, we have a responsibility to protest in the name of universal freedom."
"Let freedom reign. The sun never set on so glorious a human achievement."

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What Is Considered Sexual Harassment At Work?

What Is Sex Discrimination In The Workplace?

Sexual harassment in the workplace can be very hard to define, as is not always obvious what qualifies as harassment and what does not. It is important to educate yourself on the facts before you unknowingly become a victim or a harasser.
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Sexual harassment in the workplace is a legal term which is defined as the unwanted, unwelcome sexual advances of another person. While sexual harassment is never acceptable, it becomes an even larger problem when it occurs in the workplace or at school, and in those environments are the only places laws cover. There are many situations in which sexual harassment can occur, but the following are the most commonly reported.

Facts About Sexual Harassment

The victim does not have to be the opposite sex of the aggressor. Same-sex sexual harassment complaints are receiving more and more attention nationwide. Same-sex harassment is accepted as a valid and punishable form of harassment in the workplace.
A common misconception is that the harasser is typically the supervisor or in some way superior to the harassed. Anyone can be harassed by anyone else that they work with, regardless of their situation or station at the place of employment.The harassment must be unwelcome. A prior relationship between the aggressor and the harassed should not have taken place, or the validity of the claim may be questionable.
The victim is not necessarily the one who was harassed but could, in fact, be anyone who was affected in a negative way. Another office worker who was offended by the conduct or comments of his or her co-workers could in fact file charges against and receive restitution from their company and co-workers.

Two Types Of Sexual Harassment That Are Legally Recognized

There are two legally recognized forms of sexual harassment, quid pro quo and hostile environment sexual harassment.
The most common is Quid Pro Quo, which roughly translated from the Latin means "something for something." This type of harassment occurs when a persons' acceptance or rejection of the sexual advances of another individual determines the victim's economic advancement or job advancement. In proving this type of sexual harassment, the victim needs to demonstrate that there was a threat of economic loss due to the harassment. Putting employees in that situation not only affects those involved with the harassment, but also affects overall job morale and productivity.
In employment law, hostile environment sexual harassment refers to a situation where employees in a workplace are subject to a pattern of exposure to unwanted sexual behavior from persons other than an employee's direct supervisor where supervisors or managers take no steps to discourage or discontinue such behavior. It is distinguished from quid pro quo sexual harassment, where a direct supervisor seeks sexual favors in return for something within the supervisor's powers, such as threatening to fire someone, or offering them a raise. While this type of harassment doesn't impact on your job promotion it creates stressful and unhealthy working environment.

Sexual Harassment In The Workplace Examples

  • Pervasive sexually suggestive or crude jokes, gestures, comments on appearance or clothing.
  • Repeated unwelcome intentional touching such as scratching or patting a coworker's back, grabbing employee around the waist, or interfering with an employee's ability to move. If the conduct is severe, such  as grabbing one’s breasts, then one or two incidents are probably enough.
  • Requests to engage in sexual activity or for sexual favors.
  • Continued unwelcome requests for meetings outside the workplace after you have made it clear that they are not welcome. 
  • Repeated transmitting or posting emails or pictures of a sexual or other harassment-related nature, especially after there has been an objection. 
  • Repeated display of sexually suggestive objects, pictures, or posters.
  • Combination of several of the above.

Having a sexual harassment policy in place does not protect a company in lawsuits, though companies with strong, effective policies against harassment are less vulnerable to successful suits. Companies must disseminate these policies to employees and provide adequate training or be held legally accountable.

Lawyer Biography: Biography Of Gerard Butler

Gerard Butler: Lawyer And Actor

Gerard Butler is one of the most talented actors in Hollywood! He can play any genre, any character and through it all he delves within the character's soul. Before an acting career he was a lawyer in Scotland. Read below short bio on Gerard Butler.
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Born in Glasgow on November 13, 1969, Gerard set off with his family for a new life in Canada at the age of six months. His parents struggled to establish themselves in their adopted country, however, and soon separated. When Gerard was 18 months old, his mother took him and his two older siblings back to Glasgow, where, after a stint living with his grandparents, they were able to get back on their feet. 

Gerard Butler Attorney

As a youngster the star grew up in a strict Catholic household where a good education was considered paramount to success. An outstanding student he set his sights on becoming a lawyer and eventually gained a place at Glasgow University law school. He went on to land a job with one of the city's leading law firms, only to discover he had clearly made a mistake in his choice of career. "I hated it. I hated every minute of it," he later admitted. "It just wasn't me. I never felt fulfilled. I partied a lot and abused the privileges of my firm." 

Life changed for the better, however, when the head of the firm asked the young solicitor for one good reason why he shouldn't fire him. Unable to come up with an adequate response, Gerard promptly tendered his resignation and bid farewell to the law. 

Gerard Butler Acting Career

Attending an Edinburgh Festival production of Trainspotting that same evening he was so moved by the performance he packed his bags and headed to London to try his luck at acting. A year later he was back at the Festival, this time on stage in a new production of Trainspotting in the role made famous by Ewan McGregor. 

Setting his sights on breaking into film the budding actor was rewarded early on with a high-profile cameo in 1997's Oscar-nominated picture Mrs Brown, in which he starred alongside legendary actress Dame Judy Dench. And over the next three years he worked steadily on both the small and big screens in the UK, including a small part in the James Bond movie Tomorrow Never Dies. 

Then, in 2000, came the two roles which would launch him as an international lead. He conquered stateside audiences as the leader of the Hun in the US television series Attila and played Bram Stoker's most notorious character in an updated version of the classic tale in Dracula 2000. 

It was the latter role which caught the eye of Phantom Of The Opera producer Joel Schumacher when he was looking for a lead man for the celluloid adaptation of the smash-hit Broadway musical. The filmmaker stumbled upon the movie when, of the 15 features playing at the cinema that evening, it happened to be the only one he hadn't seen. "As soon as Gerry popped out of the coffin, I thought he had such great presence," says Joel. 

Despite having been a singer in various rock bands during his wilder days in Glasgow, the young Scotsman still had to prove he had the vocal range required for the part. So after wrapping up Lara Croft Tomb Raider: Cradle Of Life, he contacted a voice coach and started work to bring his voice up to scratch. 

His efforts were rewarded. Although Hollywood heavyweights Antonio Banderas and John Travolta had also been tipped for the lead, a successful audition with composer Andrew Lloyd Webber netted him the coveted role. 

Since then the Scottish actor has enjoyed critical plaudits for his portrayal of the angst-ridden Phantom. Gerard credits the compelling performance on his ability to relate to the character's hardships and pain. "I didn't see my father for 14 years, and he turned up one day and I didn't even know he was alive. So, there were a lot of powerful things to draw on. You know, through my own self-abuse I went to some pretty dark spaces, so that when I read this script, I could believe they were synonymous with the feelings of the Phantom." 

In 2006, Gerard landed another prominent, but entirely different, role as muscular Spartan King Leonides in Frank Miller's film 300. Powerful and masculine, the character won the actor legions of female fans while the action-packed content appealed to male viewers. 

Gerard Butler Latest Movies

Some of films Gerard Butler has been in recent years:
  • Shattered (2007) 
  • P.S. I Love You (2007)
  • RocknRolla (2008)
  • Gamer (2009)
  • Law Abiding Citizen (2009)
  • Coriolanus (2011)
  • Machine Gun Preacher (2011)
  • Chasing Mavericks (2012)
  • Olympus Has Fallen (2013)

Gerard Butler Quotes

"I was training to be a lawyer... I was president of the law society at Glasgow University, and my bass guitarist was my secretary of my law society; the lead guitarist and writer worked at the law firm that I worked."

"The Phantom, as well as being backed up by that music, it just so was a role that I identified with so powerfully. From the first second that I walked on to perform."

"I love to spend a lot of time on my own. I can seriously go into my own head and often love to let myself travel where I don't know where I'm going. I always felt that that was his kind of form of escape, in a way."