What Is Asylum Application!?

How to seek political asylum!?

Asylum, in international law, the protection granted by a state to a foreign citizen against his own state. The person for whom asylum is established has no legal right to demand it, and the sheltering state has no obligation to grant it. Someone may ask for a political asylum when they are frightened to live in their own country. They will then go to another country. If they are allowed to live in the new country this is called political asylum.
airport, asylum, asylum seekers, asylum application

In modern legal systems the political asylum is one of the human rights affirmed by Article 14 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and a rules of international human rights law. 

The concept of asylum is embedded in international law; it is based on the idea that a country will not force a citizen of another country to return when that person can prove that he or she has suffered past persecution and/or has a well-founded fear of future persecution based on one of five grounds or a combination of grounds:

  • Race
  • Religion
  • Nationality
  • Membership in a particular social group
  • Political opinion
It is important to note that, generally, the persecutor must be the government or someone acting on behalf of the government. Alternately, depending on the circumstances, it may be a situation where violence against an individual is encouraged or sanctioned by the government, or the government refuses to step in and put a stop to it.

What are asylum seekers entitled to!?

Asylum seekers can also prove that they have a well-founded fear of future persecution based on events that have occurred to other people, as long as they are able to prove those things and also prove that they are in a situation where, if the persecutors found out they possessed the characteristic (race, religion, nationality, etc.) they would also be subject to persecution. Therefore, asylum seekers do not necessarily have to be persecuted in order to prove that they deserve asylum.

Asylum seekers must also be able to prove a well-founded fear of persecution. Do they, personally, have a reasonable fear that the persecution existed, will exist, or will continue? Furthermore, would another person in they situation also be in fear? Ways to prove this include: past incidents, incidents that have happened to others, reports from international human rights agencies about the conditions in asylum seekers country. Asylum seekers need to be able to show that they possess a belief or characteristic that the government wishes to punish, that government know asylum seekers possess this belief or characteristic (or could find out), and that government have the will and ability to punish you for it.

However, asylum seekers should be aware that an asylum claim is a difficult one. Governments of countries makes it very hard for individuals to pursue these claims, although many have done so successfully. If possible, asylum seekers should gather as much evidence as they can before pursuing this avenue. They must also understand that filing a "frivolous claim," where it is determined that they fabricated evidence, may result in permanent losing any immigration benefits.

Once a person is officially granted asylum, he can safely live and work inside the new country. After some time (defined by laws of asylum country) he can also file for permanent resident status. 

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