Work Labor Laws

Work Labor Laws Basics

If you are a business owner at present or if you are planning on becoming one, then you need to know much about labor laws. Also if you are employee you need to know your rights guaranteed by law. These are the laws that concern the rights of the employees and about the state of their relationship to their employers. Ignorance about these laws is not an excuse.Work Labor Laws, work laws
The employment relationship is one of the most important legal relationships in most people’s lives. Employment relationships serve not only as the primary source of support for most people and their families, but also as an important source of social relationships, personal identity, and personal fulfillment. The employment relationship poses some particularly interesting legal questions because it comprises both a collective interest between employers and employees in mutual success and individual interests in employers and employees benefiting at the expense of the other.
The study of work labor laws and employment law is divided into three general subject areas: employment law, labor law, and employment discrimination law.
Employment law generally refers to the law governing individual employment contracts and individual statutory rights and responsibilities. Common employment law topics include:
  • Establishing the employment relationship - Contract of employment
  • The employment-at-will doctrine and exceptions to this doctrine
  • Covenants not to compete
  • The protection of intellectual property
  • Minimum wage and maximum hour legislation
  • Unemployment compensation
  • Workers’ compensation
  • Occupational safety and health
  • Employee retirement income security

Labor law generally refers to the law governing union organizing, collective bargaining agreements, and the rights and responsibilities of unions and employers in a collective bargaining relationship. Collective labour law concerns the tripartite relationship between employer, employee and trade unions. Trade unions, sometimes called "labour unions"
Common labor law topics include:
  • The right to organize
  • Union organizing campaigns
  • Appropriate bargaining units and recognition elections
  • Collective bargaining and bargaining in “good faith”
  • Strikes and lockouts
  • Enforcing the collective agreement
  • The union’s duty to fairly represent the employees
Employment discrimination law generally refers to the law prohibiting discrimination in employment on the basis of such characteristics as race, gender, sexual orientation, national origin, religion, age or disability. Because it deals largely with individual rights and responsibilities, employment discrimination law is a subset of employment law, but it is generally deemed important enough and different enough in its issues and analysis that it is treated as its own subject area.

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