Lawyer Biography: Fidel Castro Short Biography

Fidel Castro Short Biography

Fidel Castro has been the longest serving head of state in the world. This despite a concerted effort by the CIA and the United States Government to overthrow him or even assassinate him by what ever means available.
Fidel Castro, Short Biography
photographer's name/ABr. — A Agência Brasil 
Fidel Castro was born on farm in Cuba on August 13, 1926. Fidel was born out of wedlock and his father, Angel Castro, did not officially claim him as his son. While growing up he went by the name of Fidel Ruz. Later, his father would marry his mother and Fidel would change his last name to Castro. 
Castro attended Jesuit boarding schools. Fidel was smart, but wasn't a great student. He did excel in sports, however, especially baseball. 

In 1945 Fidel Castro entered law school at the University of Havana. At University he became involved in politics and protesting against the current government. He thought the government was corrupt and there was too much involvement from the United States. 

In 1952 Fidel Castro ran for a seat at Cuba's House of Representatives. However, that year General Fulgencio Batista overthrew the existing government and cancelled the elections. Castro began to organize a revolution. Fidel and his brother, Raul, tried to take over the government, but were captured and sent to prison. He was released two years later. 

Fidel Castro did not give up, however. He went to Mexico and planned his next revolution. There he met Che Guevara who would become an important leader in his revolution. Castro and Guevara returned with a small army to Cuba on December 2, 1956. They were quickly defeated again by Batista's army. However, this time Castro, Guevara, and Raul escaped into the hills. They began a guerrilla war against Batista. Over time they gathered many supporters and eventually overthrew Batista's government on January 1, 1959. 

In July of 1959 Castro took over as leader of Cuba. He would rule for nearly 50 years. 

Fidel Castro had become a follower of Marxism and he used this philosophy in creating a new government for Cuba. The government took over much of the industry. The Castro government gradually expropriated all foreign-owned private companies after the Cuban Revolution of 1959. Most of these companies were owned by U.S. corporations and individuals. Bonds at 4.5% interest over twenty years were offered to U.S. companies, but the offer was rejected by U.S. ambassador Philip Bonsal, who requested the compensation up front .Only a minor amount, $1.3 million, was paid to U.S. interests before deteriorating relations ended all cooperation between the two governments.

The United States tried several times to remove Castro from power. This included the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961 ordered by President John F. Kennedy. In this invasion, around 1,500 Cuban exiles trained by the CIA attacked Cuba. The invasion was a disaster with the majority of the invaders captured or killed. 

Soon after Bay of Pigs and the Cuban Missile Crisis, Fidel Castro allied his government with the Soviet Union(USSR). He allowed the USSR to place nuclear missiles in Cuba that could strike the United States. After a tense stand-off between the United States and the Soviet Union that nearly started World War III, the missiles were removed. 

Fidel Castro's health began to fail in 2006. On February 24, 2008 he quit active politics leaving the office of the presidency of Cuba to his brother Raul. 

Cuban state television announced after midnight on November 26, 2016, that Castro had died in Havana.

Interesting Facts about Fidel Castro

Castro is known for his long beard. He almost always appears in public in green military fatigues.

Castro's Cuba relied heavily on aide from the Soviet Union. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the country suffered as it tried to survive on its own.

Fidel was seen for years smoking cigars, but he quit in 1985 for health reasons.

Fidel Castro is famous for his long speeches. He once gave a speech that lasted for over 7 hours!

Fidel Castro LawyerCastro was admitted to the bar in 1950 after studying at the University of Havana. He had his own firm for a time - Azpiazo, Castro & Resende.

Nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001 for his work on behalf of developing nations.

Fidel Castro Famous Quotes

"I began revolution with 82 men. If I had to do it again, I do it with 10 or 15 and absolute faith. It does not matter how small you are if you have faith and plan of action."

"Capitalism has neither the capacity, nor the morality, nor the ethics to solve the problems of poverty." 

"The Cold War is over, but the arms race goes on and nuclear and military hegemonism perpetuate themselves. How long shall we wait for the total removal of all weapons of mass extermination... in international relations?" 

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