Civil Litigation Lawyer Job Description

What Is Civil Litigation Lawyer Job?


Civil litigation is a legal dispute between two or more parties that seek money damages or specific performance rather than criminal sanctions. A lawyer who specializes in civil litigation is known as a “litigator” or “trial lawyer.”
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Many simple legal matters happen every day and a bulk of them involves civil litigation. Civil litigation is any dispute between two or more parties, individuals, or companies, business partners, that has fallen out and which cannot be resolved without a court of law. On such basis, the parties may need to take their disputes to the courts to determine which one should be considered right. Unlike small claims court where neither party may not seek assistance from an attorney in court, civil litigation often requires a civil litigation attorney to help parties work through their issues.


Civil litigation happens because two parties are unable to resolve their conflicts. A dispute over debt for example, will not be settled until the party who owes money pays the debt. Under such circumstances, the parties will have to take the conflict into the legal arena with their lawyers on their side.

The client and attorney work together to build and evaluate the case. The client then makes the decision whether to go forward and engage in the litigation process. Individuals aren't really involved in this type of litigation everyday and so it's the attorney's job to walk them through the whole process and make them feel comfortable. Client should tell everything that he know about the case to his attorney.

Civil litigation lawyers need to possess versatile skills to represent their clients effectively. In general, they focus their legal practice on specific areas that include- intellectual property, products liability, construction, landlord/tenant dispute, real estate, worker's compensation, breach of contract, business torts, shareholder dispute, employment and labor, and so on. As civil litigation is an adversarial process, the role of the legal representative is very much challenging. He needs to possess a sound knowledge on the ins and outs of the legal system to handle different kinds of paperwork and letters involved in any court proceedings. Even if the dispute has to be settled through negotiation, it is the job of the litigator to prepare for the trial in the court. However, in some cases the opposing party opts for a mutual settlement outside the court. The work of a civil litigation lawyer is divided into several phases, which include- investigation, pleading, discovery, pre-trial and trial, settlement, and if the final verdict is not liked by the client, appeal. However, every lawsuit does not have to pass through all these stages. The duration of a lawsuit may range from few months to several years.

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