6 Elements Of A Legally Enforceable Contract

Elements A Contract Must Have


To ensure that a contract is legal and binding, there are certain elements that must be included and agreed to by all parties involved.  Leaving out one or more of these elements may result in a breach of contract, and risks creating a contract that will not be upheld in a court of law should a dispute or conflict arise between the signing parties. 
 Legally Enforceable Contract, binding

 Here are the six most important elements of a contract, which are necessary for the documents  to be Legally Enforceable Contract:

1. Offer. An offer can be oral or written as long as it is not required to be written by law. It is the definite expression or an overt action which begins the contract. It is simply what is offered to another for the return of that person's promise to act. It cannot be ambiguous or unclear. It must be spelled out in terms that are specific and certain, such as the identity and nature of the object which is being offered and under what conditions and/ or terms it is offered.

2. Acceptance. As a general proposition of law, the acceptance of the offer made by one party by the other party is what creates the contract. This acceptance, as a general rule, cannot be withdrawn, nor can it vary the terms of the offer, or alter it, or modify it. To do so makes the acceptance a counter-offer. Though this proposition may vary from state to state, the general rule is that there are no conditional acceptances by law. In fact, by making a conditional acceptance, the offeree is rejecting the offer. However the offerer, at his choosing, by act or word which shows acceptance of the counter-offer, can be bound by the conditions tendered by the offeree.
3. Consideration. Consideration for a contract may be money or may be another right, interest, or benefit, or it may be a detriment, loss or responsibility given up to someone else. Consideration is an absolutely necessary element of a contract. As a word of caution, it should be noted that consideration has to be expressly agreed upon by both parties to the contract or it must be expressly implied by the terms of the contract. A potential or accidental benefit or detriment alone would not be construed as valid consideration. The consideration must be explicit and sufficient to support the promise to do or not to do, whatever is applicable. However, it need not be of any particular monetary value. Mutual promises are adequate and valid consideration as to each party as long as they are binding. This rule applies to conditional promises as well. As additional clarification, the general rule is that a promise to act which you are already legally bound to do is not a sufficient consideration for a contract. The courts determine the application.
4. Capacity of the Parties to Contract. The general presumption of the law is that all people have a capacity to contract. A person who is trying to avoid a contract would have to plead his or her lack of capacity to contract against the party who is trying to enforce the contract. For example, he would have to prove that he was a minor, adjudged incompetent or drunk or drugged, and so forth. Often this is the most difficult burdens of proof to overcome due to the presumption of one's ability to contract.
5. Intent of the Parties to Contract. It is a basic requirement to the formation of any contract, be it oral or written, that there has to be a mutual assent or a "meeting of the minds" of the parties on all proposed terms and essential elements of the contract. It has been held by the courts that there can be no contract unless all the parties involved intended to enter into one. This intent is determined by the outward actions or actual words of the parties and not just their secret intentions or desires. Therefore, mere negotiations to arrive at a mutual agreement or assent to a contract would not be considered an offer and acceptance even thought the parties agree on some of the terms which are being negotiated. Both parties must have intended to enter into the contract and one can not have been misled by the other. That is why fraud or certain mistakes can make a contract voidable.
6. Object of the Contract. A contract is not enforceable if its object is considered to be illegal or against public policy. In many jurisdictions contracts predicated upon lotteries, dog races, horse races, or other forms of gambling would be considered illegal contracts. Yet in some states these types of contracts are valid. Federal and some state laws make contracts in restraint of trade, price-fixing and monopolies illegal. Therefore, a contract which violates those statutes would be illegal and unenforceable. This is true for drugs and prostitution or any other activity if considered criminal.

Lawyer To Help Start A Business

Do I Need A Lawyer To Start A Business?


A business requires a lot of effort, dedication and monetary investment to succeed. A businessman must take proper measures to protect his business from any harm. It is not an easy task to maintain a business and it requires a lot of time and energy to keep things running smoothly.
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Starting a business or company will involve a hundred things, from construction of an office and searching for funding to the nitty-gritty parts of managing the business once it is launched. In the initial phases, it is important to also draw up contracts or agreements that will be important in protecting the interests of the company, owner, and shareholders. To help you manage that part and other areas of your up and coming business, it is best to hire a corporate or business lawyer to handle the legal part of the business.
Any company may or may not eventually face some problems in the future. For example, shareholders may possibly find themselves in conflict with one another regarding the operations and management of the business. Any partnership disputes, shareholder issues, breaches of contract are possible problems that may or may not happen in the future. The worst case scenario would be business dissolution or bankruptcy, which is something that any entrepreneur or businessman would definitely want to avoid. But with that possibility in mind, it is best to get legal advice to protect the company from those threats and prevent any financial disputes and issues. A foolproof contract and agreement is most important.

Finding Right Business Lawyer


Serious entrepreneurs will definitely hire a business lawyer to guide them through the start-up phase and management of a business. For every part of your business from the ground up, you should be abiding by state laws. A business or corporate lawyer must know the ins and outs of commercial litigation. Finding the experienced legal professional or law firm in this area will benefit your company in the long run.
Employee disputes or issues may also be handled by a corporate lawyer. If the company is facing lawsuits regarding employee harassment or workplace discrimination, these issues can be addressed by a corporate lawyer. This is especially important for big companies, and any start-up company must also be well-informed regarding this aspect.
Commercial litigation is not essential only when you are facing lawsuits here and there. Make it an essential part of your company's decision-making, management, and expansion. Let your business lawyer be your guide in the rough road towards success. There will always bumps and challenging roads along the way, but you will be more assured of your company's success and growth with a reliable and effective legal representation.

10 Famous Lawyers On TV

Famous Movie And TV Show Lawyers


The legal profession is a favorite topic in the entertainment industry. Legal thrillers are popular both on the big screen and on television.  TV series about lawyers have given us some of the most memorable characters in our pop culture history.


List of 10 Famous Lawyers On TV (from Movies and TV Shows)

10. Jack McCoy, Law & Order


John James "Jack" McCoy is a fictional character in the television drama Law & Order, created by Michael S. Chernuchin and played by Sam Waterston since 1994. He is the second-longest tenured character on the show, after Lt. Anita Van Buren (S. Epatha Merkerson). On January 28, 2009, McCoy's character ended the longest run of a character appearing in consecutive episodes. 
In the last seasons McCoy is the District Attorney for the borough of Manhattan. He was previously an Executive Assistant District Attorney.

9. Alan Shore, Boston Legal



Alan Shore is a lawyer with and Counsel at Crane, Poole, & Schmidt; he is also best friends with firm co-founder Denny Crane in the ABC-TV series Boston Legal. The part of Alan is played by actor James Spader.

8. Ally McBeal, Ally McBeal



Allison Marie "Ally" McBeal is the central fictional character in the Fox series Ally McBeal played by Calista Flockhart. Ally is a Boston-based lawyer. She is shown as a woman who believes in love and is continually looking for her soul mate. She often hears songs in her head and experiences hallucinations, mostly of a dancing baby, due to her biological clock ticking and of sexual endeavors with various men.

7. Michael Clayton, Michael Clayton



Michael Clayton is an in-house fixer at one of the largest corporate law firms in
New York. A former criminal prosecutor, Clayton takes care of Kenner, Bach, &
Ledeen's dirtiest work at the behest of the firm's co-founder, Marty Bach. Though
burned out and hardly content with his job as a fixer, his divorce, a failed
business venture, and mounting debt have left Clayton inextricably tied to the
firm.
George Clooney is at his cynical best as a fixer brought in to clean up after a litigator breaks down while representing a chemical company in a billion-dollar class action.

6. Mickey Haller, The Lincoln Lawyer



Michael "Mickey" Haller, Junior is a fictional character created by Michael Connelly in the 2005 novel The Lincoln Lawyer. Mickey Haller is a Los Angeles criminal defense attorney who operates out of the back of his Lincoln Continental sedan. Haller has spent most of his career defending garden-variety criminals, until he lands the case of a lifetime: defending a Beverly Hills playboy accused of murder. But the seemingly straightforward case suddenly develops into a deadly game of survival for Haller. 

5.  Alicia Florrick, The Good Wife



Alicia Florrick is the main character of the TV series The Good Wife. The wife of Peter Florrick ,a disgraced state's attorney , she returns to work as a junior litigator at the law firm Stern, Lockhart & Gardner. Alicia has often been known as a complicated person. She is portrayed by actress Julianna Margulies.

4. Bobby DonnellThe Practice



Bobby Donnell is a fictional character, a self-made lawyer and head of a law firm on the former ABC TV drama, The Practice (1997–2004), set in Boston, Massachusetts. Donnell was played by Dylan McDermott.
Bobby Donnell is the founder and senior partner of Donnell, Young, Dole and Frutt (previously Donnell and Assoc.). Originally his firm consisted of simply a typewriter, Rebecca Washington and big dreams. Now, Donnell, Young, Dole and Frutt and Bobby himself are very well known in Boston, and have been highly recommended by many. Bobby is a great lawyer, and is willing to represent almost anybody who will come to him.

3 Denny Crane, Boston Legal



Denny Crane (played by William Shatner in The Practice and Boston Legal) is Founding and Senior Partner of Crane, Poole & Schmidt, Denny is a renowned attorney of some fifty years of practice who claims he has never lost a case, and never will. He considers himself a legend and loves to say his own name to "sign" his verbal utterances. In one of the final episodes of The Practice, he explained that often people don't believe they're in the room with a legend, so he says his own name to let them know it's true. Denny often refers to a condition he calls "mad cow" when his utterances are confusing to others or when he himself becomes confused. 

2. Harvey Specter, Suits



Harvey Reginald Specter is a skilled lawyer, considered "the best closer in New York City", and a name partner at Pearson Darby Specter. After being promoted to the position of senior partner at Pearson Hardman, he hired Mike Ross, a veritable genius who was able to pass the bar exam despite not attending law school, as his associate.

1. Saul Goodman, Breaking Bad 


Saul McGill, known almost exclusively by his professional alias Saul Goodman, is a fictional character in the American television drama series Breaking Bad on AMC. He is portrayed by Bob Odenkirk and was created by Peter Gould, a writer of the series. Saul is a criminal lawyer and can be easily found in the yellow pages of Albuquerque. His made up surname "Goodman" is a play on words to better attract clients: "'S'all good, man!" becomes "Saul Goodman". He is also known for his low-budget television commercials in Albuquerque, where he advertises mainly under the tagline “Better Call Saul!” Saul will be the main character of the upcoming spin-off series Better Call Saul.


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What Is A Corporate Lawyer Job Description?

Corporate Lawyer Job Profile


A corporate lawyer is an lawyer whose practice involves keeping a corporate or business client out of trouble. They advise on how to operate business concerns while remaining inside the margins of legality. They also defend clients who find themselves the subject of lawsuits or criminal charges from their business activities.
corporate,business,lawyer,attorney,job,career,duties

Corporate law is a very broad practice area which, depending on the type of firm you join, can encompass a huge variety of different types of work. In most law firms, a corporate lawyer will be involved in elements of both advisory work (advising companies or other institutions on aspect of company law, directors duties and corporate governance issues) and transactional work, involving the negotiation of complex and often very high profile corporate transactions.

Corporate lawyers ensure the legality of commercial transactions. They must have a knowledge of statutory law and regulations passed by government agencies to help their clients achieve their goals within the bounds of the law. To structure a business transaction legally, a corporate lawyer may need to research aspects of contract law, tax law, accounting, securities law, bankruptcy, intellectual property rights, licensing, zoning laws, and other regulations relating to a specific area of business. The lawyer must ensure that a transaction does not conflict with local, state, or federal laws. In contrast to the adversarial nature of trial law, corporate law is team-oriented. The corporate counsel for both sides of a transaction are not strict competitors; together they seek a common ground for their clients. They are, in the words of one lawyer, “the handmaidens of the deal.” Facilitating the business process requires insight into the clients needs, selective expertise, flexibility and most of all, a service mentality. Corporate law requires an incisive mind and excellent communication skills, both written and oral. Through the negotiation process, lawyers constantly write and revise the legal documents which will bind the parties to certain terms for the transaction. This process is lengthy and typically corporate lawyers work extremely long hours. As a deal moves towards its closing, it becomes an exercise in stamina as much as skillful negotiation.

Corporate law is non-contentious, so corporate lawyers very rarely spend much time in court. Instead, the type of work you would most commonly be involved with is the drafting and negotiation of documents. Corporate lawyers will advise on all aspects of a deal, from structuring of the transaction and tactics through to documenting and implementing the deal.

Also, corporate law is a dynamic and fast-moving practice area. It is consistently challenging due to the breadth and variety of deals that corporate lawyers are advising on. As a practice area, it particularly suits those with a wider commercial interest beyond the law as such a huge amount of what corporate lawyers do is commercially driven.

Legal Terminology For Dummies

Legal Phrases Dictionary


Legal English is a professional language. This means that a good command of ordinary English does not automatically makes you proficient in legal English. Bellow is one basic list of legal terminology.
Legal,Terminology,phrases,dictionary

Legal Terminology List:


acquit: the act of freeing a person from the charge of an offense by means of a decision, verdict or other legal process; to discharge

action: a civil judicial proceeding whereby one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or prevention of a wrong; requires service of process on adversary party or potentially adversary party

allegation: the assertion, declaration, or statement of a party to an action, made in a pleading, setting out what the party expects to prove

allege: to claim a fact is true, commonly in a complaint which is filed to commence a lawsuit, in an "affirmative defense" to a complaint, in a criminal charge of the commission of a crime, or any claim. 

answer: a paper submitted by a defendant in which he/she responds to and/or denies the allegations of the plaintiff
appeal: a proceeding to have a case examined by an appropriate higher court to see if a lower court's decision was made correctly according to law
argument: a reason given in proof or rebuttal
at issue: whenever the parties to a suit come to a point in the pleadings which is affirmed on one side and denied on the other, they are said to be "at issue"
bail: the security given (or posted) to ensure the future appearance of a defendant
brief: a written or printed document prepared by the lawyers on each side of a dispute and submitted to the court in support of their arguments - a brief includes the points of law which the lawyer wished to establish, the arguments the lawyer uses, and the legal authorities on which the lawyer rests his/her conclusions.
common law: the body of law which originated in England and upon which present day U.S. law is based
contract: a legally enforceable agreement between two or more persons or parties (oral or written)
cross- examination: questioning by a party or his attorney of an adverse party or a witness called by an adverse party
damages: Monetary compensation or indemnity for wrong or injury caused by the violation of a legal right. 
decision: the determination reached by a court in any judicial proceeding, which is the basis of the judgment
defendant: the party being sued or the party accused of committing the offense charged
deposition: sworn testimony of a witness
discovery (or disclosure):  is the pre-trial phase in a lawsuit in which each party, through the law of civil procedure, can obtain evidence from the opposing party by means of discovery devices including requests for answers to interrogatories, requests for production of documents, requests for admissions and depositions. 
disposition: the result of a judicial proceeding by withdrawal, settlement, order, judgment or sentence
evidence: a form of proof or probative matter legally presented at the trial of an issue by the acts of the parties and through witnesses, records, documents, concrete objects, etc., for the purpose of inducing belief in the minds of the court or the jury
fine: a sum imposed as punishment for an offense
hearing: a preliminary examination where evidence is taken for the purpose of determining an issue of fact and reaching a decision on the basis of that evidence
injunction: a court order for a party to stop doing or to start doing a specific act
jurisdiction: the geographical, subject matter, and monetary limitations of a court 
Personal jurisdiction- Directed to a specific person to impose a personal liability on him (usually the defendant). 
Subject matter jurisdiction- Topic of consideration, thing in dispute, right claimed by one party against another

liability: an obligation to do, to eventually do, or to refrain from doing something; money owed; or according to law one's responsibility for his/her conduct; or one's responsibility for causing an injury

material witness: person whose testimony on some issue has been judicially determined as relevant and substantial
motion: an oral or written request to the court made by a party for a ruling or order
order: an oral or written direction of a court or judge
negligence: conduct which falls below the standard established by law for the protection of others against unreasonable risk of harm

party: Person having a direct interest in a legal matter, transaction or proceeding.

plaintiff: the party bringing a civil action
petition: a formal written request to a court, which initiates a special proceeding
pleadings: complaint or petition, answer, and reply
proceeding: the succession of events constituting the process by which judicial action is invoked and utilized pursuant to procedure
process: a legal means, such as a summons, used to subject a defendant in a lawsuit to the jurisdiction of the court; broadly, refers to all writs issued in the course of a legal proceeding
Relief  The relief sought in a lawsuit might, for example, be the return of property wrongfully taken by another, compensation for an injury in the form of damages, or enforcement of a contract.

sanction: a penalty or punishment provided as a means of enforcing obedience to a law, rule or code; also, an authorization
suit: A legal action or proceeding.
trial: the formal examination of a legal controversy in court so as to determine the issue
verdict: the determination of a jury on the facts
warrant: a written order directing the arrest of a person issued by an authority - warrants are "issued," "executed" or "canceled"
witness: one who testifies to what he/she has seen, heard, or otherwise observed



Lawyer Biography: Hillary Clinton Short Biography

Biography On Hillary Clinton


Hillary Rodham Clinton is one of the most famous women in the world. She is an American politician and educated lawyer.

Hillary Rodham Clinton date of birth is october 26, 1947. She was born in Chicago, Illinois and she has two brothers, Hugh and Anthony. She went to public schools where she participated in swimming, baseball, and other sports. In high school, she was a member of the National Honor Society. She was president of her senior class at Wellesley College where she majored in political science. She was the first student ever asked to deliver the commencement address at Wellesley. She studied law at Yale Law School where she was an editor of the Yale Review of Law and Social Action. She graduated with honors. This is where she met her future husband, Bill Clinton. She worked on cases of child abuse at Yale-New Haven Hospital and volunteered at New Haven Legal Services to provide free legal advice for the poor. Rodham was a staff attorney for the Children’s Defense Fund.

In 1974, Hillary moved to Arkansas, where she married Bill Clinton in 1975. She worked as an attorney while raising their daughter, Chelsea. She was an assistant professor at the University of Arkansas School of Law where she taught criminal law. She was the first director of the school’s legal aid clinic. President Jimmy Carter appointed her to serve on the board of the Legal Services Corporation.

Bill Clinton was elected Governor of Arkansas for six terms. As First Lady of Arkansas, she was on the boards of the Arkansas Children’s Hospital, Legal Services, and the Children’s Defense Fund. She was twice named to the list of “The 100 Most Influential Lawyers in America.”

In 1992, Bill Clinton was elected President of the United States. As First Lady, Hillary was an advocate for health care reform and worked on many issues involving children and families. She traveled to more than 80 countries representing the United States. In Beijing, China, in 1995, she said, “Human rights are women’s rights, and women’s rights are human rights.” This helped start a global movement for women’s rights. She started the Save America’s Treasures program to save historic items and sites. This included the flag that inspired the Star Spangled Banner.

In 2000, Hillary Clinton was elected as a United States Senator for New York. Hillary worked to get $21.4 billion in funding for Ground Zero. This was used for clean up, providing health services for first responders and volunteers and for redevelopment. She was an advocate for improving benefits for veterans, bringing broadband access to rural communities, and funding for new jobs to repair, renovate and modernize public schools.

In early 2007, Hillary campaigned to be the Democratic candidate for president. She was defeated by Barack Obama. Obama named her as his Secretary of State. She is the third woman to be Secretary. Secretary Clinton had traveled almost 900,000 miles and visited 110 countries, more than any other Secretary of State. Republicans and Democrats have praised her efforts on behalf of the US.

In April 2015 Clinton announced that she was entering the U.S. presidential election race of 2016

Interesting Facts On Hillary Clinton


Young Hillary Rodham was a Republican. Hillary was a Republican as a teen, until the events of 1968 led her to switch parties as a college student at Wellesley College.

Bill and Hillary were teachers at the same school. Hillary and Bill Clinton were faculty members of the University Of Arkansas Law School in Fayetteville until Bill ran for election and became Arkansas’ attorney general in 1976.

Hillary was accepted to both Yale and Harvard Law schools. A friend introduced her to one of the legendary Harvard law professors saying, “Professor so-and-so, this is Hillary Rodham. She’s trying to decide between us and our nearest competitor.” The professor replied, “First of all, we have no nearest competitor, and secondly, we don’t need any more women.” Hillary decided to go to Yale.


Hillary Clinton Best Quotes


"In almost every profession - whether it's law or journalism, finance or medicine or academia or running a small business - people rely on confidential communications to do their jobs. We count on the space of trust that confidentiality provides. When someone breaches that trust, we are all worse off for it."

"Women are the largest untapped reservoir of talent in the world."

"I think that if you live long enough, you realize that so much of what happens in life is out of your control, but how you respond to it is in your control. That's what I try to remember."

“Every moment wasted looking back, keeps us from moving forward.”

“Don't confuse having a career with having a life.”

"… every one of us every day has choices to make about the kind of person we are and what we wish to become. You can decide to be someone who brings people together, or you can fall prey to those who wish to divide us. You can be someone who educates yourself, or you can believe that being negative is clever and being cynical is fashionable. You have a choice.”



What Is A Criminal Lawyer Job Description?

What Does Criminal Justice Lawyer Do?


Criminal defense lawyer job sometime get a not-so-flattering portrayal because people assume that they defend guilty people. However, if you are a defendant in a criminal proceeding, you need the assistance of a qualified criminal defense lawyer, regardless of your guilt or innocence. As the protectors and advocates of the accused, defense lawyers play a crucial role in the justice systems to see that everyone charged with a criminal act has an opportunity to defend themselves.
criminal lawyer, job,description,requirements, qualifications,responsibilities


There are two types of the criminal lawyer jobs and they are opposite one to another. Some defend those who have been accused of crimes, while others prosecute the accused. All criminal lawyers, regardless of whether they work for the defense or the prosecution, must appear in court, argue the cases and try to win the cases.

Criminal defense lawyers can serve you different purposes. They can defend you when you commit a crime and they can also come in handy when you are wrongly accused. Criminal lawyers defend your rights in all ways, which is what they have been educated to do.
Murder, arson, robbery, assault, rape, embezzlement are only few examples of criminal crimes that you can be involved in to warrant a need for a criminal lawyer to save you from a prison sentence.
Before criminal lawyers can practice their profession, they have to endure many years of school and pass a very rigid bar exam. However, aside from just passing the bar, there must be other various other skills that they can boast of. To name some, criminal lawyers must have excellent skills in writing, communication, and listening. It is also important for them to be equally skilled in negotiation.
The prosecutor and the defense lawyers are the two types of lawyers that you will see around. The two have a common obligation to prove their case. Although both types of lawyers entail the same education, they actually serve different purposes. It would be helpful to identify how the two differ from each other.

Lawyers who defend clients who have been accused of committing a crime are called criminal defense lawyers. It is their job to counsel their clients on legal matters. They also give their clients opinions on what their chances are and offer them options on what way to go. They also advise their clients of the consequences of the choice they make.
Prosecutors on the other hand are those who try to prove the guilt of the defendant. They exhaust all possible means to show that the defendant is guilty: they gather evidences, prepare strong testimonies, and find means to create doubt in the mind of the jurors. Prosecutors can work on a number of cases at a time, or work in behalf of the government.
if you are accused of a crime, you are in trouble with the law, and therefore need to find a good lawyer to represent you. There are different ways to hire a lawyer. You can search for lawyers from the internet or the yellow pages. Going to court for a criminal case is a very serious matter. It is important for you to find somebody who is trustworthy, and experienced enough for you to win your case. One way to assess the capacity of the criminal lawyer you are intending to hire is to check out the number of wins and losses in their criminal cases.
It is important to hire the services of a criminal lawyer if you have been accused of a crime. In order for them to properly defend you, they have to hear your complete story. They will then assess the situation and determine the best course of action to take. They will work out a plan of action with you, and perform their ultimate job, which is to keep you out of a prison cell.

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    Marijuana Legalization Reasons

    Marijuana Legalization Facts Pro


    Marijuana or Cannabis for close to 4000 years have been used for medicinal purposes, and doctors have used it for treatment of various illnesses and ailments. The legality of cannabis varies from country to country. Possession of cannabis is illegal in most countries and has been since the beginning of widespread cannabis prohibition in the late 1930s.
    cannabis, marijuana, legalization, reasons, pro



    Cannabis has been in use for thousands of years. In India cannabis has long been used in religious rituals. Under the name cannabis, 19th century medical practitioners sold the drug (usually as a tincture), popularizing the word amongst English-speakers. In 1894, the Report of the Indian Hemp Drugs Commission commissioned by the UK Secretary of State and the government of India, was instrumental in the decision not to criminalize the drug in those countries. From the year 1860, different states in the United States started to implement regulations for sales of Cannabis sativa. A 1905 Bulletin from the US Department of Agriculture lists twenty-nine states with laws mentioning cannabis. In 1925, a change of the International Opium Convention banned exportation of Indian hemp to countries that have prohibited its use. Importing countries were required to issue certificates approving the importation and stating that the shipment was to be used "exclusively for medical or scientific purposes".

    In 1937 the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration's Treasury Department created a division called the Federal Bureau of Narcotics and appointed Harry J. Anslinger as its first commissioner. Together they crafted the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937, the first US national law making cannabis possession illegal except for industrial or medical purposes. 

    Marijuana is the name of a drug which is made from the cannabis plant. This drug has been used as a herbal medicine for ages in places like Asia and South America. But controversy arises whenever the question of marijuana legalization is raised. The proponents of marijuana also argue that marijuana is much safer to use in comparison of other drugs. These people say that synthetic drugs have more harmful side effects while marijuana is much better in this regard.


    Recreational Use Of The Marijuana

    Marijuana’s typical use is wholly recreational, consumed for pure enjoyment of the psychological effects. While agreement on such matters varies greatly between proponents of different views on the drug, no studies have conclusively proven any long-term psychological effects, causing advocates of its use to compare it favorably against alcohol.

    Proven to affect reaction time, short-term memory, eye-movement tracking, and other physical characteristics, marijuana consumption ranks alongside alcohol for its debilitating effects on general actions – the ability to drive, for example – similarly leaving it to be considered for legal recreational use only by responsible adults.


    Marijuana Legalization By State

    There are many valid reasons to legalize this completely natural herb. Unlike other drugs, marijuana usage can be easily discontinued, as the person has no physical cravings. Marijuana is substantially less addictive than caffeine, tobacco, and alcohol, legal substances that cause more harm to human beings. Evaluating the medical benefits of marijuana, physicians have used this drug to alleviate the condition of hundreds of patients suffering from debilitating illnesses like AIDS, anorexia, arthritis, cachexia, cancer, chronic pain, glaucoma, and migraine, persistent muscle spasms associated with multiple sclerosis, seizures associated with epilepsy, Crohn's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and other chronic or persistent medical symptoms.

    The proponents of marijuana legalization have got different opinions about the subject. Some of them say that it should be taxed like other items which will provide a control over marijuana. Others say that there should be a complete legitimization process for cannabis. There are some strong reasons that are often mentioned by those who are in favor of marijuana legalization. Those in favor of marijuana say that if cannabis is not legalized, the criminalization will put limits on the freedom of a person. It is also said that once marijuana is legalized there will be no job for the drug mafias. Marijuana can also be used in the many branches of industry (e.g. clothing industry).

    United States spend $15 billion dollars per year on drug war but still there are no big results. Drug trafficking and market for drugs are always present. Tax payers money can be spent more wisely if government legalize some light drugs like marijuana.

    Countries need a new approach for cannabis control, based on all factors and sides included. Consumers, recreational or ill people will always find way (legal or ilegal) to purchase cannabis and it is in interest of the state to tax and regulate this market.