Family Lawyer Definition

Family Lawyer Job profile


Few lawyer practice a general sort of law that encompasses any and all cases. While there are larger firms that may house departments for nearly every field, most individual lawyers tend to specialize. 


Family affairs that become legal issues falls under family law where it includes divorce, spousal support, child support, child abduction visitation rights, grandparent visitation, custody, annulment, property settlements, alimony payments, division of assets and liabilities due to divorce, paternity tests, adoption, surrogacy, termination of parental rights, paternity, prenuptial agreements, legitimacy parental responsibility orders, dependency and child neglect and protection from abuse. Should you have any concerns regarding these issues or if it affects you directly, then you can go to a family lawyer to get consultation and advice on which action to take next. Although it is prudent to settle you family's dispute on your own discretion there will be times (in fact it is often that family members will not agree on anything until an intercessor or a lawyer will negotiate the terms) when family members will not be able to come to a sound agreement. However, even for minor details agreements or discrepancies it is advisable to see a family lawyer nonetheless.
Here are a few things you need to know about family lawyers and why you need them:
If you have a reasonable case to fight - it is always best to consult your lawyer whether or not your case is within the range of the "reasonable" before taking your fight to court.
Family lawyers will help you set realistic expectations - knowing what you will get or what you'll lose is a risky business, and the attorney will determine which action is best for you.
Make sure that any agreement you enter is bounded by law - only attorneys can make your contracts enforceable in courts, and so to prevent your agreements going on mishaps have a the lawyer involve in any agreement that you make, especially the important ones.
Law experts help you open your eyes to a variety of options - normally you could only think of 2 - 5 ways to settle a dispute, but since the lawyer knows the curves, turns and circles of the law he or she can offer you alternative options that is much better than what you had in mind.
Your family lawyer takes over where it is no longer necessary for you to go - going through a divorce is already tough enough, but the court will require you to file tons of paper work along with it. Your lawyer can file the paper works on your behalf so that you could mourn, reassess and plan for your future in these difficult times.
A family attorney can help you settle the case efficiently and with less expenditures - family lawyers are very good negotiators especially in disagreements and disputes, moreover they are focused on you and your case and they determine which course of action is best for you to take and which will cost less in expenditures.

Criminal Law Definition Of Assault And Battery

Legal Dictionary Assault And Battery


If you have been in a situation where you feared for your safety or were injured by another, you may have grounds for a civil tort case under the theories of assault or battery or both.


The definitions for assault vary from state-to-state, but assault is often defined as an attempt to injure to someone else, and in some circumstances can include threats or threatening behavior against others. One common definition would be an intentional attempt, using violence or force, to injure or harm another person. Another straightforward way that assault is sometimes defined is as an attempted battery. Indeed, generally the main distinction between an assault and a battery is that no contact is necessary for an assault, whereas an offensive or illegal contact must occur for a battery.
Even though contact is not generally necessary for an assault offense, a conviction for assault still requires a criminal "act" (act that would put the person in fear for their safety).
In order commit an assault an individual need only have "general intent" (offender intended the actions which make up an assault).
Although the statutes defining battery will vary by jurisdiction, a typical definition for battery is the intentional offensive or harmful touching of another person without their consent. Under this general definition, a battery offense requires all of the following:
  • intentional touching;
  • the touching must be harmful or offensive;
  • no consent from the victim.
Battery generally does not require any intent to harm the victim (although such intent often exists in battery cases). Instead, a person need only have an intent to contact or cause contact with an individual. 
The criminal act required for battery boils down to an offensive or harmful contact. This can range anywhere from the obvious battery where a physical attack such as a punch or kick is involved, to even minimal contact in some cases. Generally, a victim doesn't need to be injured or harmed for a battery to have occurred, so long as an offensive contact is involved. In a classic example, spitting on an individual doesn't physically injure them, but it nonetheless can constitute offensive contact sufficient for a battery.

Is Assault And Battery A Criminal Offence?

Yes it is. The nonconsensual physical contact need not inflict physical injury and it can be indirect, such as throwing a stone. These offenses have serious legal consequences:
  • A permanent criminal record
  • Jail time, probation or parole depending on the seriousness of the crime
  • Hefty fines
  • Loss of right to carry fire arms
The legal sentence for this criminal offense may depend on the following factors:
  • The severity of the crime
  • The attitude of the court toward this type of crime
  • Prior convictions of the accused
  • If a weapon is used or not

Liabilities Toward The Victims Of An Assault and/or Battery

The victim of this offense has the legal right to claim monetary compensation, depending on the type of injury they incurred. It is important to remember though that the victims do not need to prove any injuries or damages to hold the defendant liable for battery. However, if the victim suffered from physical injuries, he/she has the legal right to be compensated. The defendant will be forced to pay the victim in case of:
  • Physical injuries
  • Medical expenses
  • Prescription drugs
  • Absences from work


If you have been the victim of an assault and/or battery or you know someone that has been accused it is best to seek the legal services of a criminal defense attorney.

Famous Celebrity Lawyers

Best Celebrity Lawyers In USA


Lawyer profession is usually not so exposed in public. Lawyers operate behind closed doors or in a half-empty courtroom. There is little fame in the law game. But some lawyers represent famous people -celebrities and in the process they get in the spotlight of the public eye. 



10 Celebrity Lawyers In America:


10. Harry Brittenham

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Harry Brittenham, or Skip, used to work for well-known entertainment companies in Hollywood before establishing his own law firm with Kenneth Ziffren in 1978. Some of the firm’s first clients were the producers of the then-hit shows “Happy Days” and “Laverne and Shirley.” Among Britthenham’s clients are some of the biggest names in the industry, including Harrison Ford, Bruce Willis, Eddie Murphy, the Weinstein brothers Bob and Harvey of Miramax, and Joe Roth, the founder of Revolution Studios.

9. Gloria Allred



Gloria Allred is not a woman you want to mess with. Her website states that she is "the most famous woman attorney practicing law in the nation today."  The California attorney has made a name for herself as a crusader for women's rights. She's gained a reputation as the go-to courtroom shark for celebrity scandals, and has represented everyone from Rachel Uchitel to former Spice Girl Mel B, pizza magnate Herman Cain and Canadian beauty queen Jenna Talackova.

8. John Branca



John Branca got his first taste of the entertainment scene as a member of a band that opened for The Doors in a club in Los Angeles back in the 60s. He decided to specialize in corporate and tax laws, representing rock stars and musicians. Among his clients are The Beach Boys, Aerosmith, Carlos Santana, Limp Bizkit and Backstreet Boys.

7.Alan Dershowitz



Alan Dershowitz is an American lawyer, jurist, and political commentator. He is a prominent scholar on United States constitutional law and criminal law. He has spent most of his career at Harvard Law School where in 1967, at the age of 28, he became the youngest full professor of law in its history. His celebrity clients are O.J. Simpson, Mike Tyson, socialite Claus van Bulow and Patricia Hearst.

6. Allen Grubman



He is known as the superpower attorney of the music industry. He represents several major labels and top music artists at the same time. Proof of his skills as a lawyer is how he has managed to avoid having any conflict of interest. He represents big stars like Bruce Springsteen, Madonna, Mariah Carey, Shania Twain, Elton John and Jennifer Lopez. He also handles Martha Stewart, Vera Wang and Tommy Hilfiger.


5. Martin Garbus 



Martin Garbus is an American attorney. He has tried cases throughout the country involving constitutional, criminal, copyright, and intellectual property law. He has appeared before the United States Supreme Court as well as trial and appellate courts throughout the United States. He has written numerous briefs that have been submitted to the United States Supreme Court; a number of which have resulted in changes in the law on a nationwide basis.
His celebrity clients are Al Pacino, Robert Redford Tom Brokaw, Sean Connery and Richard Gere.

4. Mark Geragos



Mark Geragos is one of the more well-known celebrity lawyers around, most probably because of his connection to the Prince of Pop, Michael Jackson. Geragos was the late musician’s defense attorney after Jackson was charged with child molestation. Geragos also defended Winona Ryder after she was caught shoplifting in Saks. He is also the lawyer for Chris Brown, who immediately put him in retainer after the battery case on Rihanna against Brown blew up.


3. Howard K. Stern



Howard K. Stern made a career and a life out of representing Anna Nicole Smith.  Stern took on Smith's suit against her deceased multi-millionaire husband's estate, though he appeared to be more companion than attorney when the case made it to the US Supreme Court.  

2. Roy Black


Roy Black is a civil and criminal defense trial attorney. He is best known for his gaining an acquittal, in 1991, of William Kennedy Smith on charges of rape and for his representation of conservative radio commentator Rush Limbaugh on charges related to Limbaugh's alleged misuse of the prescription painkiller OxyContin. Other prominent members of American society whom Black has represented include actor Kelsey Grammer, racer Helio Castroneves, Girls Gone Wild creator Joe Francis, artist Peter Max,and billionaire Jeffrey Epstein.

1. Robert Shapiro


Robert Shapiro is well-known Los Angeles criminal defense attorney. He is best known for his prominent role in the O.J. Simpson murder case in the 90s. He was actually one of the first lawyers to defend Simpson in the public eye by appearing in network and cable news to refute all perceived evidences against his client. After Johnnie Cochran took over, Shapiro took a backseat but remained on Simpson’s side until the end. Shapiro has also handled other stars, notably Johnny Carson, Phil Spector, as well as several players of Major League Baseball. He is one of best earning lawyers with net worth of $50 million.

Best Law Schools In World

10 Best Law Universities In The World


Good legal education is most important for new generations of lawyers. Well educated lawyers are foundation of state of law and rule of law. So which are the best law schools in the world?
Below is a list of some of the very best 10 Law Schools in the World. This list is made from the The Guardian University Guide. Best 10 Law Schools are selected by author of this article.



1. Harvard University (United States)

Harvard University is devoted to excellence in teaching, learning, and research, and to developing leaders in many disciplines who make a difference globally. Harvard faculty are engaged with teaching and research to push the boundaries of human knowledge. For students who are excited to investigate the biggest issues of the 21st century, Harvard offers an unparalleled student experience and a generous financial aid program, with over $160 million awarded to more than 60% of our undergraduate students. The University has twelve degree-granting Schools in addition to the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, offering a truly global education. Established in 1636, Harvard is the oldest institution of higher education in the United States. The University, which is based in Cambridge and Boston, Massachusetts, has an enrollment of over 20,000 degree candidates, including undergraduate, graduate, and professional students. Harvard has more than 360,000 alumni around the world.

2. University of Oxford (United Kingdom)

image by ChevronTango

Oxford is the oldest university in the English-speaking world and lays claim to nine centuries of continuous existence. As an internationally renowned centre for teaching and research, Oxford attracts students and scholars from across the globe, with almost a quarter of our students from overseas. More than 130 nationalities are represented among a student population of over 18,000.
Oxford is a collegiate university, with 39 self-governing colleges related to the University in a type of federal system. Thirty colleges and all halls admit students for both undergraduate and graduate degrees. Seven other colleges are for graduates only; one has Fellows only, and one specializes in part-time and continuing education.



3. University of Cambridge (United Kingdom)

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The University of Cambridge is rich in history - its famous Colleges and University buildings attract visitors from all over the world. But the University's museums and collections also hold many treasures which give an exciting insight into some of the scholarly activities, both past and present, of the University's academics and students. The University of Cambridge is one of the oldest universities in the world and one of the largest in the United Kingdom. Its reputation for outstanding academic achievement is known world-wide and reflects the intellectual achievement of its students, as well as the world-class original research carried out by the staff of the University and the Colleges.

4. Yale University/Yale Law School (United States)

Located in New Haven, Connecticut, Yale Law School is one of the world’s premier law schools. It offers an unmatched environment of excellence and educational intimacy in the form of world renowned faculty, small classes, limitless opportunities for clinical training, and strong encouragement of public service. The Law School is small by design; its impact on the world is measured by its accomplished graduates and its ongoing scholarship and outreach through numerous centers and projects.


5. Stanford University (United States)

Stanford University, founded in 1885, is recognized as one of the world's leading research and teaching institutions, with one of the most renowned faculties in the United States. Stanford students—men and women of all races, ethnicities and ages —are distinguished by their love of learning and desire to contribute to the greater community. Stanford University offers its students a remarkable range of academic and extracurricular activities. They are committed to offering an education that is unrivaled among research universities. In this community of scholars, there is no greater objective than being at the edge of a field and advancing the frontier of knowledge
Stanford offer both undergraduate and graduate students opportunities to work closely with faculty and researchers. The pioneering spirit that inspired Jane and Leland Stanford to start this university more than a century ago and that helped build Silicon Valley at the doorstep of the campus encourages boldness in everything they do - whether those efforts occur in the library, in the classroom, in a laboratory, in a theater or on an athletic field.

6. University of California, Berkeley (UCB) (United States)



The University of California was chartered in 1868 and its flagship campus — envisioned as a "City of Learning" — was established at Berkeley, on San Francisco Bay. Today the world's premier public university and a wellspring of innovation, UC Berkeley occupies a 1,232 acre campus with a sylvan 178-acre central core. From this home its academic community makes key contributions to the economic and social well-being of the Bay Area, California, and the United States.



7. London School of Economics and Political Science LSE (United Kingdom)

image by lse.ac.uk

The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) is the world’s leading dedicated social science institution. Many of the world's leading experts in their fields can be found at LSE. The School offers the best education there is in the major areas of the social sciences. It is a place of genuine intellectual excitement and cutting edge research.
Founded in 1895, LSE enjoys a global reputation for academic excellence. All of LSE's teaching and research is undertaken from a social science perspective, giving the institution a unique approach to otherwise common fields. Around 69% of LSE's students, and more than 40% of its academic staff, originate from outside the UK.

8. Columbia University (United States)


Columbia University is one of the world's most important centers of research and at the same time a distinctive and distinguished learning environment for undergraduates and graduate students in many scholarly and professional fields. The University recognizes the importance of its location in New York City and seeks to link its research and teaching to the vast resources of a great metropolis. It seeks to attract a diverse and international faculty and student body, to support research and teaching on global issues, and to create academic relationships with many countries and regions. It expects all areas of the university to advance knowledge and learning at the highest level and to convey the products of its efforts to the world.

9. The University of Melbourne (Australia)


The University of Melbourne is an international institution acclaimed for its academic excellence and achievement in education and research. Celebrating our 160th year in 2013, they are Australia’s second oldest university, and a founding member of Universitas 21, a network of prestigious research intensive universities around the world. Their reputation, the best in Australia and in the top 40 worldwide in the Times Higher Education's (THE) reputation rankings, is based on high standards of scholarship, prestigious international links and the outstanding academics and students that they attract from around the world. Their academic staff publish in leading international journals and are invited to prestigious industry, government, and national and international professional forums.

10. The University of Toronto (Canada)


The University of Toronto has assembled one of the strongest research and teaching faculties in North America, presenting top students at all levels with an intellectual environment unmatched in breadth and depth on any other Canadian campus. U of T faculty co-author more research articles than their colleagues at any university in the US or Canada other than Harvard. As a measure of impact, U of T consistently ranks alongside the top five U.S. universities whose discoveries are most often cited by other researchers around the world. The U of T faculty are also widely recognized for their teaching strengths and commitment to graduate supervision. U of T attracts undergraduate, graduate and professional program students from across Canada and abroad. 


Latin Legal Dictionary

Latin Terms In Law


Latin law quotes and terms are very important in legal profession. Read below some of the most important Latin legal terms with Latin translations to English.
latin law quotes, latin law terms, latin law phrases, legal phrases
Image courtesy of  Jeroen van Oostrom/ FreeDigitalPhotos.net

ab initio = from the beginning 
actus reus = guilty act; the objective element of a crime; the external element of a crime
actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea = the act does not make a person guilty unless the mind is also guilty
ad hoc = for this (purpose); composed or designed for a particular purpose only
ad hominen = argument against the man; argument to the man: also see argumentum ad hominem
ad idem/consensus ad idem = mutual assent; of the same mind; meeting of the minds: the situation where there is a common understanding in the formation of the contract
ad infinitum = to infinity; continue forever; without limit
ad litem = for the suit; a party appointed by a court to act in a lawsuit on behalf of another party
a mensa et thoro = divorce a mensa et thoro; divorce from bed-and-board; a de factoseparation while remaining legally married
audi alteram partem = hear the other side. 

bona fide/bona fides = good faith; in good faith; A Bona Fide agreement is one entered into without attempt to fraud; It is a state in which the person is cognatively and morally committed to do the right thing. Opposite: mala fide/mala fides = bad faith; in bad faith.

contra = against
contradictio in terminus = contradiction in terms
contra bonos mores = against good morals
contradictio in adjecto = contradiction in terms; contradiction in itself 
contra legem = against the law
corpus delicti = body of the offence

da mihi factum, dabo tibi ius = give me the fact, I will give you the law
de facto = concerning fact; In fact; As a matter of fact; in practice but not necessarily ordained by law; in practice or actuality, but without being officially established; The de facto standard is a formal or informal standard that has a dominant position by cultural acceptance, market dominance, tradition or enforcement.
de jure/de iure = By right; concerning law; in principle
de lege ferenda = from law to be passed; what the law should be
de lege lata = from law passed; by law in force; the law as it exists
de minimus non curat lex = The law does not bother with the smallest things; The law does not concern itself with trifles  

ex gratia = from grace; from kindness: (without legal obligation)
ex libris = from the library; from the books
ex officio = by right of office; from the office
Ex Parte = by a party:  An ex parte application is when an apllpication is made to the Court during proceedings by one party in the absence of another or without notifying the other party
Ex Post Facto = by a subsequent act: Something that occurs after the event but also have a retrospective effect

factum - an act; a deed
fides = faith
fiducia = trust

habeas corpus = You (shall) have the body; Produce the body: a court order instructing that a person under arrest be brought before a judge; A document or instruction which directs a person to produce someone held in custody before the court; legal action to seek relief from unlawful detention. It is a legal instrument to protect the individual against arbitrary state action.

Ignorantia Juris non excusat = Ignorance of the law is no excuse: When committing an offence guilty parties cannot use as a defence the fact that they did not know that they were breaking the law
In Personam = Against the person: Proceedings issued against a specific person:  Proceedings issued with reference to a specific person: an "admiralty action" in personam would be issued against the owner of a ship
inter alia = among other things: The details given are only an extract from the whole
Ipso Facto = By the fact: The dependance upon facts that together prove a point

mala fide/mala fides = bad faith; in bad faith.
mea culpa = my fault, or my own fault
mea maxima culpa = my big mistake; my most grievous fault
mens rea = guilty mind: The intention to commit an offence whilst knowing it to be wrong or against the law

onus probandi = burden of proof 
opinio juris = an opinion of law

persona non grata = person not allowed; unacceptable person; unwelcome person
Prima Facie = First sight: Prima Facie evidence would be considered enough/sufficient to prove a case unless disproved or rejected; if no Prima Facie evidence can be shown or offered, there is no case to answer/continue 
pro bono or pro bono publico = for the public good; The term is generally used to describe legal representation undertaken voluntarily and without payment as a public service. Pro bono service uses the specific skills of professionals to provide services to those who are unable to afford them.

quid pro quo = something for something; a favour given or expected in return for something; tit for tat

res iudicata/res judicata a matter already judged; A thing ajudged: Once a case has been finally decided upon by a Court the decision stands, the same parties cannot attempt to raise the issue again, by or during further proceedings 
res nullius = nobody's thing
res publica = public issue; public matter
restitutio in integrum = restoration to original condition

tabula rasa = blank slate; plank paper; blank mind

ultra vires = beyond the powers: An act that falls outside or beyond the jurisdiction of the court: Opposite: intra vires = within the powers.

veto = I forbid
vis major = an act of God; a superior force



Compensation Lawyers No Win No Pay

Who Are 'No Win No Pay' Lawyers?



If you have suffered any kind of injury because of someone else's negligence  you will probably need to seek a legal advice on compensation. Often lawyer advice or representation is expencive and many people can't pay for a good lawyer. In this situation smart move is finding a good 'no win no fee lawyer'.

If you have ever made a research to hire attorney for getting compensation from third party, you probably know who are ‘no win no fee lawyers’. The concept of hiring a ‘no win no fee attorney’ is becoming popular and you probably see advertisements in Televisions where no these attorneys encourage you to claim your compensation through a legal channel. ‘No win no fee’ lawyers basically serve those clients who get personal injuries but they are unable to pay high fees of the attorneys to demand compensation through the legal channel.

‘No win no fee’ attorneys promise to deal with your case to the best of their efforts. If they lose the case, they don’t charge any fee for their time and expertise. On the other hand, if they win the case they demand their fees out of the total compensation awarded to the client. These lawyers are very much helpful for those who cannot pay the fees, since they don’t charge anything until their clients get compensation.

Hiring a ‘no win no fee’ lawyer is becoming a common practice but many people misinterpret this term. They assume that they will not have to pay anything to the lawyer before they get compensation. This is wrong. The right term is ‘no win no fee’ – subject to certain terms and conditions. Often these lawyers ask the clients to buy insurance policy covering the cost of disbursements and other legal costs in case they lose the claim. This means the cost of insurance premiums is an expense which is borne by the client before the attorney wins the case.

‘No win no fee’ attorneys before taking any case conduct a risk assessment and figure out the prospects of winning a case. They offer clients their services only when they think there are good prospects of winning a case. If they win the case, they charge success fee which is more than the fee of a hiring a regular attorney. The success fee covers the real fee of the attorney according to his skills and expertise plus the cost of risk exposure which he undertakes in case his client loses the case.

Also, if you hiring this kind of lawyer you will need a no win no fee lawyer who specialises in your particular type of claim and in the laws of your particular State or Territory. This knowledge is essential, however it is not just the knowledge of the law that will get a good result for you it is also how well your claim is prepared, handled and negotiated.
Though no win no fee attorneys are becoming popular since they allow people to file for compensation in the court of law yet people should take necessary precautions while dealing with them. This is because you may find devil in the detail of a large number of ‘no win no fee attorneys’ who charge you through a variety of hidden charges.

Law Branches - General Division Of Law

Current Division Of The Law


Law is a very complex and it is divided in two main branches and their subdivisions. Each branch deal with different aspect of the law and different uses, it has its own specification and legal advisory.  

Law plays a significant role in the successful operation of business and society. Laws regulate social behavior, which leads to a society that runs efficiently. Laws also supply ethical standards and expectations, while providing rules of conduct, measures to enforce those rules, and a means for settling disputes. Laws can be changed by popular demand or by the government. Lawyers and judges interpret the law and they're duty is to act as an intermediary between the people and the law.

General division of law is on two main branches. These are - Public Law and Private Law. These two branches can be divided further but the distinction between the branches of private and public law is very small. The branches often overlap and it is only by convention that the branches exist. 

The branches of public law are as follows:

1. Criminal Law: deals with crimes. These crimes can range from theft to murder. The laws under this section define the offences, states the rules of arrest, and the possible punishments. In most countries laws are defined by the constitution and the central or federal government. However in some countries like the United States, states have their own laws as well.
2. Constitutional Law: defines the rules and code of conduct for the government and its various departments. It also states the most basic rights of the people. These rights such as freedom of speech and freedom of religion are guaranteed to all citizens of that country. These rights are upheld by the courts throughout the country.
3. Administrative Law: governs the operations of government agencies. These are the agencies that regulate various aspects of our lives like banking, communications and trade. It also includes social welfare programs, social security and insurance.
4. International Law: This law is meant to make dealings among nations easier. This law is more like protocol and is very hard to enforce.
The branches of private law are as follows:
1. Contract and Commercial Law: These laws deal solely with matters that involve contracts among people. By definition a contract is a legal agreement among persons or people. Contracts are needed in order to carry out daily business. Disputes arising from contracts are dealt with under this section of the law.
2. Tort Law: These laws deal with injuries caused to a person by other individuals or companies. This includes the illegal use of a person's property such as his or her name.
3. Property Law: As the heading suggests this section deals with the ownership and use of property. This property could anything from a building to a car.
4. Inheritance or Succession Law: These deal with the rights of inheritance of property. These laws are different in all countries.
5. Family Law: These govern the legal aspect of the family, such as the rules of adoption, marriage, divorce and child support.
6. Corporate Law: deals with business and stockholders. This branch is often classed together with contract and commercial law as business law.
For ordinary individual , it is important that we have some understanding and knowledge that here are different kinds of lawyers specialized in different cases possible with in our society, these lawyers deals with different branches of law, and this is something one should know before approaching a prospective lawyer for help to solve a problem or legal issue.

Different Criminal Law Cases

Different Types Of Criminal Law Cases


Criminal law is a branch of law that concerns crimes that are committed against the public authority. Criminal law cases can vary greatly depending on how a crime is defined and punished by a particular jurisdiction. Still there are some common criminal law cases in all jurisdictions.
criminal,law,case,legal,general, sex,white collar,offenses,crimes,murder

Criminal law involves prosecution by the government of a person for an act that has been classified as a crime. A crime is always against the State, and when a criminal is punished, it is a retribution for the State. There are several types of criminal law cases that are tried in the courts. These crimes are generally categorized into General Offenses, DUI/Traffic Offenses, Sex Offenses, White Collar Crimes, and other miscellaneous offenses that can be tried in courts.
General offenses in criminal law include aggravated assault, kidnapping, manslaughter, robbery, murder, embezzlement, false statements, perjury, resisting arrest, theft, among other crimes that fall under general offenses. Crimes that fall under traffic/DUI are drag racing, aggravated driving, aggravated DUI, driving on suspended license, endangerment, reckless driving, extreme DUI, and misdemeanor DUI among others.
Sex offenses are those committed against the chastity of the person. Whether you are a man or a woman, so long as you were offended in some way in relation to your person, pertaining to your gender, the act itself can still be considered as a sex offense. This includes sex abuse, molestation of a child, sex assault, public sexual indecency, computer crimes, failure to register as a sex offender, and public misconduct with a minor.

White-collar crime is financially motivated nonviolent crime committed for illegal monetary gain.  White-collar crime is similar to corporate crime as white-collar employees are more likely to commit fraud, bribery, Ponzi schemes, insider trading, embezzlement, cybercrime, copyright infringement, money laundering, identity theft, and forgery.
Even with the diversity of crimes that are adjudicated daily, once you are charged with any of these crimes, or you happen to be a victim, you should seek out the counsel of a good lawyer to defend you and your rights in the proper court of law. While it is true that anyone can file a criminal case in the courts, it is imperative for you to seek the advice of a good criminal lawyer. If you were the victim, and you happen to find yourself terribly abused, you always have the option to seek redress in court. And, if you are the one arrested because of a criminal charge, you are also entitled to equal protection by the court since presumption of innocence also applies in criminal law.
Crimes against the person per se, such as murder, vehicular manslaughter, assault, and rape usually involve a greater degree of punishment since life was directly inflicted upon. Although in rape, depending on the circumstances, life may have not been taken but the injury caused is always for a lifetime. More often, these cases capture the public interest than petty crimes such as shoplifting or drug possession. On the other hand, robbery, perjury, and computer crimes are adjudged based on the degree of damage that the criminals have caused either against the person or the property.
In a criminal law case, the burden of proof rests on the prosecution. The defendant is presumed innocent until proven guilty. The defendant also has certain constitutionally protected rights during the criminal prosecution.